Glossary > Cost of Goods Sold (COGS)
Cost of Goods Sold (COGS)
Cost of goods sold (COGS) is an accounting term that refers to the direct costs associated with producing or delivering a product or service. For SaaS (Software-as-a-Service) companies, COGS typically includes the costs associated with delivering their software services to customers, such as hosting fees, licensing fees, and support costs.
COGS is an important metric for SaaS companies because it directly impacts their gross profit margin, which is a key indicator of their financial health. By understanding and managing their COGS, SaaS companies can ensure they are pricing their services correctly and optimizing their profitability.
To calculate COGS for a SaaS company, start with the direct costs associated with delivering their software services to customers. These fees include:
Hosting Fees: The cost of hosting the software service on a cloud provider, such as Amazon Web Services (AWS) or Microsoft Azure.
Licensing Fees: The cost of any third-party software licenses required to deliver the service.
Support Costs: The cost of providing customer support for the service, such as salaries for support staff or outsourced support services.
Bandwidth Costs: The cost of transmitting data to and from the software service, including costs associated with data transfer and network infrastructure.
Once you have identified these costs, you can calculate the COGS for a specific period by adding up all of the direct costs associated with delivering the software service during that period.
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